The cost of one innocent interruption According to a research study at the University of California, Irvine and Humboldt University, it takes an average of 23 minutes and 15 seconds to refocus every time one gets distracted at work. Even if it was a 30-second interruption to check Facebook or
Dear friend and user, This open letter explains to you why and how we decided that Ludwig would have a premium version. Everything at Ludwig revolves around bringing more democracy to the English language. We think that if English is supposed to be the universal language, then it should belong
Login / log-in / log in (along with other similar examples such as: signin / sign-in / sign in, signup / sign-up / signup, signout / sign-out / sign out, logout / log-out / logout) are known to cause a great deal of confusion to writers. Take: Login / log-in and log in for example. Though we commonly use this word
Are both prepositions correct? Do they mean the exact same thing? I have had this doubt myself and I decided to do some research and clear it out for once and all. When I have such doubts on English language usage, I go to – surprise, surprise – Ludwig and I searched
The tech scene is innovative in all aspects, not least in the linguistic one. Whether you spell it ‘start-up’, ‘startup’, ‘start up’, or ‘StartUp’ most likely won’t make any difference in the success of your business – you can write it wrong and succeed, or write it correctly and fail.
This trifecta of homophones – one an adverb, one a pronoun, one a contraction – shows up mercilessly in English writing. Made more difficult by the fact that spell checkers and grammar correctors often won’t catch this, because many people spell the words right, but don’t use them in sentences
Whether to use “affect” or “effect” is a challenge that continues to trip up even native speakers of English. Because it’s so frequently used, and improperly at that, we’ve included it in our homophone series, where we investigate words that sound similar but have very different meanings. Does
Which one should you use? Are both forms acceptable? Do you have an ongoing dispute with someone about these sentences? If this is the case, you are not alone: this controversial topic has long provoked discord between language users and between linguists. I spent some time untangling this debate and
Meaning: “To cut a long story short” simply means to leave out the details and shorten a story in order to get to the point. Use: If this is the real meaning, it is also worth noting how this idiom is really used. It is ironic that for this idiom,
Meaning: When you are “ under the gun “ you are under pressure to do something by a deadline or in a particular way. “This team has been under the gun for a while“. A less frequent alternative to “under the gun” would be “under the cosh” . Aussies also use “under the
This idiom rocks. It is one of my favorites because of its intriguing historical origin. Meaning “Loose lips sink ships” is a figurative admonition to avoid careless talk, especially when you don’t know who is listening. In fact, if someone is talking about potentially sensitive information he may unintentionally
Let’s dive a bit into the meaning, origin and use of another intriguing idiom. Meaning “When pigs fly” is used to describe figuratively something that most likely will never happen. “Mark plans to tidy up his room every week, but he will probably do it only when pigs fly”
As often happens with idioms, they have an obscure etymology. We are so curious about language that we decided to investigate a bit and discovered a couple of interesting things. Meaning “To rain cats and dogs” simply means “to rain very hard”. Origin and Etymology The etymology of “rain cats
Are you confused when you should use “do” and when “make”? Well, it is not a surprise, English language doesn’t have a clear rule to follow at this regard. The following rule of thumb (with a zillion exceptions) will help you figure it out. DO Use “do” when talking
This English writing doubt pops up so frequently in our users’ community that we decided to write down a short post to make this issue clearer. "Bear with" is a phrasal verb and a polite way of asking someone to be patient with someone or something (especially through difficulties), eg.
I know that you love Ludwig as much as we do. I also know that you need it up and running now, because you have to check a sentence urgently. If Ludwig is giving you back the following message, don’t freak out. If this is your case, the first
Meaning: A list of things one hopes to do before one dies. Origin and Etymology: If the phrase “kick the bucket” has its origins in the late 18th century, “bucket list” is much more recent. The most widely accepted theory is that it was minted in 2007 by Justin Zackham,
“Kick the bucket” is one of the most obscure and intriguing idioms in the English language (and one of my favorites). Meaning: It is a euphemistic and colloquial way to say “to die” (eg. “he kicked the bucket” ) or, if referred to a machine (e.g. “the car kicked the
Here we are with another frequent English writing doubt, which seems to frequently arise in our users’ community. Here is the rule: Always use the past simple after “I wish” (eg: "I wish I had a crystal ball", "I wish I knew you before", "I wish I had done better
Here we are again with the Doubt Series to clear out another hot topic coming from Ludwig’s most frequent searches. Do you know which one is correct? There are several supporters on each side, but the truth is that both are widely used in our trusted sources and can
Editing and Proofreading are frequently used as interchangeable synonyms by those who don’t know the difference. Nevertheless, even if they are both part of the process of revision a piece of writing, they involve a different set of activities and happen at different moments. Let’s stipulate that editing
We all know that writing formal letters is a pain, but with this 3 minute post I will help you to master all the boring conventions and write formally correct cover and business letters. This is how your letter should look like Sender Your address (or the return address) goes
Writing calendar dates correctly is important to edit the perfect formal letter" (we have a quick and effective guide for that) and get the job of your dreams. It looks more complicated than the Maya calendar, but this quick guide will guide through the mess. As rule of thumb, in
“Write in English” vs “Write English” Here we are for the first post of our Doubt Series, where we solve your most recurring writing doubts. Since “Write in English” vs “Write English” is a doubt that is frequently searched on Ludwig, I decided to dedicate a post to the topic.